Simple Present FROM HTTPS://MAGOOSH.COMForm: Use the base form of a verb, adding an /s/ to the end of the verb if the subject
is singular. (Unless the verb is irregular, in which case other rules may apply.)
Use 1: Actions that are habitual or routine
EXAMPLES: The sun rises. I brush my teeth twice a day.
Use 2: General, timeless facts
EXAMPLES: Spiders make webs. Babies drink milk.
Use 3: Narrative style (used when recalling past events or announcing things that are
happening in the moment)
EXAMPLES: So I go to the store yesterday, and the clerk says “We’re closed!” He hits the baseball out of the field and makes a home run!
Use 4: The “real” present (things that are happening right now), but ONLY when the
verb is stative. Stative verbs deal with the way the subject is, instead of what the
EXAMPLES: That car looks old. They think that’s a bad idea.
Form: Have or has + past form of a verb
Use 1: Actions that started in the past, continue into the present, and may continue
into the future
EXAMPLES: The children have felt sick ever since they ate lunch. My neighbor has lived next door to me for two years.
Use 2: Separate actions that happened in the past and may happen again in the
EXAMPLES: That man has traveled overseas several times. We have eaten at that restaurant once or twice.
Use 3: Recently completed actions that still influence things happening in the
EXAMPLES: The sun has risen and you need to wake up. They have finished their meeting, so now they can go.
Present ContinuousForm: The present tense of “to be” (am/is/are)+ verb + ing
Use 1: The “real” present (things that are happening right now), for all verbs except
EXAMPLES: I am sitting down right now. He can’t come to the phone because he is working. You can’t see the children because they are hiding.
Use 2: Temporary actions that may not be happening right now, but have not yet been completed
EXAMPLES: I am taking an English course. The truck is being repaired. Plans are