martes, 23 de octubre de 2012

NUMBERS AND FIGURES.





NUMBERS IN ENGLISH

21 → 99

Numbers between 21 to 99 should be hyphenated
21
: twenty-one
48
: forty-eight
92
: ninety-two

100 → 999

hundred” is invariable when preceded by a numeral.
100
: one hundred
200
: two hundred

Two hundred people were there.”
But “Ø Hundreds of people were there.


“and” or no “and”?


100
: a hundred / one hundred / a hundred (With large numbers it is usually one hundred ... but in other contexts a hundred ... is more natural.
101
: one hundred and one (UK) / one hundred one (US)
110
: one hundred and ten (UK) / one hundred ten (US)
200
: two hundred
201
: two hundred and one (UK) / two hundred one (US)
210
: two hundred and ten (UK) / two hundred ten (US)


1,000 → 9,999

thousand” is invariable when preceded by a numeral.
1,000
: one thousand
2,000
: two thousand

Two thousand people were there.”
But “Ø Thousands of people were there.

“and” or no “and”?


1,000
: one thousand
1,001
: one thousand and one (UK) / one thousand one (US)
1,010
: one thousand and ten (UK) / one thousand two (US)
1,100
: one thousand one hundred
1,110
: one thousand one hundred and ten (UK) / one thousand one hundred ten (US)


10,000 → 99,999

Basically it’s always the same as above.


10,000
: ten thousand
10,001
: ten thousand and one (UK) / ten thousand one (US)
10,010
: ten thousand and ten (UK) / ten thousand one (US)
10,100
: ten thousand one hundred
10,110
: ten thousand one hundred and ten (UK) / ten thousand one hundred ten (US)

100,000 → 999,999

100,000
: one hundred thousand
100,001
: one hundred thousand and one (UK) / one hundred thousand one (US)
100,010
: one hundred thousand and ten (UK) / one hundred thousand ten (US)
100,100
: one hundred thousand one hundred
101,000
: one hundred and one thousand (UK) / one hundred one thousand (US)
110,000
: one hundred and ten thousand (UK) / one hundred ten thousand (US)

1,000,000 → 999,999,999

million” is invariable when preceded by a numeral.

1,000,000
: one million
2,000,000
: two million

“This project cost two million dollars.”
But “This project cost Ø millions of dollars.”


1,000,000
: one million
1,000,001
: one million and one (UK) / one billion one (US)
1,000,010
: one million and ten (UK) / one billion ten (US)
1,000,100
: one million one hundred
1,001,000
: one million one thousand
1,010,000
: one million ten thousand
1,100,000
: one million one hundred thousand
1,110,000
: one million one hundred and ten thousand (UK) / one million one hundred ten thousand (US)
1,111,000
: one million one hundred and eleven thousand (UK) / one million one hundred eleven thousand (US)
1,111,100
: one million one hundred and eleven thousand one hundred (UK) / one million one hundred eleven thousand one hundred (US)
1,111,110:
one million one hundred and eleven thousand one hundred and ten (UK) / one million one hundred eleven thousand one hundred ten (US)

1,000,000,000 and above

billion” is invariable when preceded by a numeral.

1,000,000,000
: one billion
2,000,000,000
: two billion

“This project cost two billion dollars.”
But “This project cost Ø billions of dollars.”


1,100,000,000
: one billion one hundred million
… (combine with what was said above)

Note:

Even in British English, “one billion” is now understood as one thousand million (1,000,000,000), not a million million (1,000,000,000,000).


Place of the commas and dots

The comma is used to separate thousands:

1,000 (one thousand)
45,000 (forty-five thousand)
100,000 (one hundred thousand)
1,000,000 (one million)
...

The dot is used to separate decimals

4.7 (four point seven)

→ 1,004.75


 

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